Body Bacteria Infection Causes And Treatment
Body bacteria infection. Bacteria are microscopic. They are hardly see with bare eye. They are single cell organisms. That live almost everywhere. They can survive, in every climate and location. On any part of the earth. Most of them are airborne. While many others live in water or soil.
Bacteria can equally live on and inside. Plants, animals, and person (human been). The word “bacteria”. Has a very bad connotation. But it actually perform, many important functions. For organisms and the environment.
However, majority of bacteria are harmless to people. And some are even beneficial to human. In the human gastrointestinal tract. Normal body bacteria helps. In digestion and produce vitamins.
They also aid in body protection (immunity). Making the body less victims, to bad bacteria. And other harmful pathogens. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist.
What body bacteria infection is all about
A bacterial infection is constituent of. A harmful strain of bacteria. On or inside the human body. Bacteria can infect any part of the body. Pneumonia, meningitis. And food poisoning are just a few sicknesses. That may be originated by harmful bacteria. Bacteria come in three fundamental shapes. Rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla).
Bacteria may also be grouped as. Gram-positive or gram-negative. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick cell wall. While gram-negative bacteria do not. Gram staining, bacterial culture. With antibiotic sensitivity determination. And other tests are used to identify bacterial strains. And help determine the appropriate course of treatment.
Skin Bacteria infection
Bacterial skin infections. Are usually caused by gram. Positive strains of Staphylococcus. And Streptococcus or other organisms. Common bacterial skin infections include:
Cellulitis causes a painful, red infection. That is usually warm to the touch. Cellulitis occurs most often on the legs. But it can appear anywhere on the body.
- Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles that leads to red, swollen bumps. That look like pimples. Improperly treated pools or hot tubs can harbor bacteria that cause folliculitis.
- Impetigo causes oozing sores, usually in little aged children. The bullous form of impetigo causes large blisters. While the non-bullous form has a yellow, crusted appearance.
- Boils are deep skin infections that start in hair follicles. Boils are firm, red, tender bumps. That progress until pus. Accumulates underneath the skin.
Foodborne bacteria body infection
Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills, and abdominal pain. Are common symptoms of food poisoning. Raw meat, fish, eggs, poultry, and unpasteurized dairy. May harbor harmful bacteria, that can cause illness. Unsanitary food preparation. And handling can also encourage bacterial growth. Bacteria that cause food poisoning include:
- Campylobacter jejuni (C. jejuni) is a diarrheal illness often accompanied. By cramps and fever.
- Clostridium botulinum (C. botulinum) is a potentially life-threatening bacterium. That produces powerful neurotoxins.
- Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 is a diarrheal (often bloody) illness that may be accompanied. By nausea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal cramps.
- Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes)causes fever, muscle aches, and diarrhea. Pregnant women, elderly individuals, infants. And those with weakened immune systems. Are most at risk for acquiring this infection.
- Salmonella causes fever, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Symptoms typically last between 4 and 7 days.
- Vibrio causes diarrhea when ingested. But it can also cause severe skin infections. When it comes in contact with an open wound.
STD Body bacteria infection
Many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by harmful bacteria. Sometimes, these infections aren’t associated with any symptoms. But can still cause serious damage to the reproductive system. Common STDs caused by bacterial infections include:
- Chlamydia is an infection in men and women. Caused by an organism. Called Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia increases the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women.
- Gonorrhea, also known as “clap” and “the drip,” is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Men and women can be infected. Gonorrhea also increases the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women.
- Syphilis can affect men and women. And is caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum. Untreated, syphilis is potentially very dangerous. And can even be fatal.
- Bacterial vaginosis, which causes an overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria. In the vagina (the CDC does not consider this a STD)
Other Body bacteria infection
Harmful bacteria can affect almost any area of the body. Other types of bacterial infections include:
- Bacterial meningitis is a severe infection of the meninges, the lining of the brain.
- Otitis media is the official name for an infection. Or inflammation of the middle ear. Both bacteria and viruses can cause ear infections. Which commonly occur in babies and small children.
- Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection of the bladder, urethra, kidneys, or ureters.
- Respiratory tract infections include sore throat, bronchitis, sinusitis, and pneumonia. Bacteria or viruses may be responsible for respiratory tract infections. Tuberculosis is a type of bacterial lower respiratory tract.
Antibiotics for body bacteria infeaction
Antibiotics are medications or drugs that fight bacterial infections. They work by disrupting the processes. Necessary for bacterial cell growth and proliferation. It’s important to take antibiotics exactly as prescribed. Failure to do so could make a bacterial infection worse.
Antibiotics don’t treat viruses. But they’re sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses. To help prevent a “secondary bacterial infection.” Secondary infections occur when someone is in a weakened. Or compromised state due to an existing illness.